Specific Phobia

Specific Phobia meaning

Irrational fear of Specific objects and situations

What is Specific Phobia?

A specific phobia is related to an anxiety disorder that contains an irrational fear linked to exposure to specific objects or situations. A person with this phobia feels an extreme fear when they meet the particular situation or object which stimulates that fear. An average of 12% of Americans suffers this phobia.

For Example, A person with a specific phobia of thunder will feel uncomfortable in stormy conditions of thunders.

Specific phobia falls within four main categories:

Types of Specific Phobia

These are four major types of Specific phobias:

  • Animal Phobia (fear of spiders, dogs, insects)
  • Natural environment Phobia (fear of thunder, heights, darkness)
  • Blood-Injection-Injury phobia (fear of injections, broken bones, falls)
  • Situation Phobia (fear of riding, flying, get into elevator, driving)

Each Specific phobia type falls in different kinds of phobia that are explained below:

 

Situation Phobia:

A situation phobia is related to an anxiety disorder that contains an irrational fear linked to exposure to specific situations. A person with a situation phobia feels an extreme fear when they meet that particular situation, which stimulates that fear.

Situation phobias fall within many categories, but few are mentioned below:

  • Fear of riding
  • Fear of flying
  • Fear of getting into an elevator
  • Fear of driving

 

Animal Phobia

An animal phobia is related to an anxiety disorder that contains an irrational fear linked to exposure to animals. A person with animal phobia feels an extreme fear when they are meet that specific situation, which stimulates that fear.

Animal phobias fall within these categories:

  • fear of snakes
  • fear of spiders
  • fear of dogs,
  • fear of insects

 

For Example, A person with a phobia of spiders will feel uncomfortable or panic attacks when he got in touch with a spider or see a spider near him.

 

Natural environment Phobia

A Situation phobia is related to an anxiety disorder that contains an irrational fear linked to exposure to specific situations. A person with a situation phobia feels an extreme fear when they meet that particular situation, which stimulates that fear.

Natural environment phobias fall within these categories:

  • fear of thunder
  • fear of heights
  • fear of darkness

 

For Example, A person with a phobia of natural environment will feel anxious when he is on the top of any tall building or at some height above the ground.

 

Blood-Injection-Injury phobia

This phobia is related to an anxiety disorder that contains an irrational fear linked to exposure to Blood, Injection, or injury of his own or sees any person. A person with this phobia feels an extreme fear or anxiety when they meet that specific situation, which stimulates that fear.

Blood-Injection-Injury phobias fall within these categories:

  • fear of blood
  • fear of injections,
  • fear of broken bones
  • fear of falls

 

For Example, A person with a phobia of Blood-Injection-Injury will feel anxious when he sees or got into that situation.

 

Signs & Symptoms

 

Specific Phobia
·         Panic attacks

·         Shivering or goosebumps

·         sweating

·         changes in body conditions

·         changes in  behavior (Become angry)

·         Ignoring to expose to situations that pull them to become anxious

 

Diagnosis

The diagnostics of specific phobias:

  • Identify the fear or anxiety of a specific situation or object( Childrens express by crying or by other conditions).
  • The Fear objects or situations always stimulates the instant anxiety or fear.
  • The Fear objects or situations are always avoided or suffer from extreme anxiety or fear.
  • The anxiety or fear is irrational, which is not the actual danger that pretends to be real by object or situation.
  • The anxiety or fear remains for Six months or maybe more.
  • The anxiety or fear causes distress and affects the social or functioning areas.

For further visit: https://www.med.upenn.edu/ctsa/phobias_symptoms.html

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